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Late Quaternary sea level and environmental changes from relic carbonate deposits of the western margin of India

IR@NIO: CSIR-National Institute Of Oceanography, Goa

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Creator Rao, V.P.
Rajagopalan, G.
Vora, K.H.
Almeida, F.
Date 2006-09-05T06:25:08Z
Identifier Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Earth Planet. Sci.), vol.112(1), 1-25p.
Description Relic carbonate deposits along the western margin of India occur as dolomite crusts, aragonite sands (pelletal / oolitic) and aragonite-cemented limestones, oyster shells, corals, encrusted coralline algal and foraminiferal-dominated nodules. The petrology and mineralogy of the deposits indicate that except for aragonite sands and foraminiferal nodules, the others were formed in shallow marine conditions and serve as sea level indicators. Radiocarbon dates were measured for 62 relic deposits covering the entire margin. The age of these deposits on the continental shelf off Cape Comorin and Mangalore, between 110 and 18m depth, ranges between 12, 610 ¹4C yr BP and 6,390 ¹4C yr BP. On the northwestern margin of India, especially on the carbonate platform (between 64 and 100 m), the age ranges from 17,250 to 6,730 ¹4C yr BP. The relic deposits of the Gulf of Kachchh at depths between 35 and 25m are dated at 12,550 { 9,630 ¹4C yr BP. The age vs. depth plot of the relic deposits further indicates that the Gulf of Kachchh was inundated much early, atleast by 15 ka, after the Last Glacial Maximum, and was subjected to uplift and subsidence during the Holocene. The carbonate platform subsided during the early Holocene. Some of the relic deposits between Cape Comorin and Mangalore plot on or, closely follow the glacio-eustatic sea level curve. Despite abundant siliciclastic flux discharged by the Narmada and Tapti during the early Holocene, the platform off these rivers is largely devoid of this flux and carbonate sedimentation continued until 6,700 ¹4C yr BP. We suggest that the river-derived sediment flux diverted southwards under the influence of the SW monsoon current and, thereby, increased the turbidity on the shelf and slope southeast of the carbonate platform and facilitated the formation of deeper water foraminiferal nodules off Vengurla-Goa.
Format 855040 bytes
Language en
Publisher Indian Academy of Sciences
Subject foraminiferal nodules
Radiocarbon dates
Title Late Quaternary sea level and environmental changes from relic carbonate deposits of the western margin of India
Type Article